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Scrubbing up for 2020
Ga direct naar Inhoud of Menu. Bij klikken wordt een externe website met een relatieoverzicht geopend op overheid. Compliance with the amendments to the Code, as appropriate, should also be indicated in the International Certificate of Fitness. Ships constructed before 1 July are to comply with resolution MSC.
Except where expressly provided otherwise, the following definitions apply to the Code. Additional definitions are given in Chapter 4. Public spaces are those portions of the accommodation which are used for halls, dining rooms, lounges and similar permanently enclosed spaces. The breadth B should be measured in metres. If the secondary barrier is part of the hull structure it may be a boundary of the hold space.
This space may be a void space or a ballast space. This does not include special fire-control equipment which can be most practically located in the cargo area. In ships designed with a rake of keel, the waterline on which this length is measured should be parallel to the designed waterline. The length L should be measured in metres. Types of secondary barrier are more fully defined in Chapter 4.
This separation may be achieved by the use of design or operational methods. Operational methods should not be used within a cargo tank and should consist of one of the following types:. In the case of below-deck cargo containment systems the tank dome protrudes through the weather deck or through a tank cover. Bow or stern loading and unloading lines should not be used for the transfer of toxic products as specified in 1.
This distance, however, need not exceed 5 m. Side scuttles facing the shore connection location and on the sides of the superstructure or deck house within the distance mentioned above should be of the fixed non-opening type. In addition. Where, in the case of small ships, compliance with 3. A lower temperature may be accepted by the Society subject to special consideration. The membrane is designed in such a way that thermal and other expansion or contraction is compensated for without undue stressing of the membrane.
If, however, the hull scantlings are increased accordingly and consideration is given, where appropriate, to the strength of the supporting insulation, P o may be increased to a higher value but less than 0. Such designs require, however, special consideration by the Society. In any case the thickness of the membranes should normally not exceed 10mm. If, however, the hull scantlings are increased accordingly, and consideration is given, where appropriate, to the strength of the supporting insulation, P o may be increased to a higher value but less than 0.
There are three categories of independent tanks referred to in 4. Where such tank are primarily constructed of plane surfaces gravity tanks , the design vapour pressure P o should be less than 0. Where such tanks are primarily constructed of plane surfaces gravity tests the design vapour pressure P o should be less than 0.
The inner surface of the insulation is exposed to the cargo. If, however, the cargo containment system is designed for a higher vapour pressure, P o may be increased to such higher value, but not exceeding 0. However, a design vapour pressure of more than 0. However, lesser values of this temperature may be accepted by the Society for ships operating in restricted areas or on voyages of restricted duration and account may be taken in such cases of any insulation of the tanks.
Conversely, higher values of this temperature may be required for ships permanently operating in areas of high ambient temperature. Provision to the satisfaction of the Society should be made to ensure that the tank or cargo temperature cannot be lowered below the design temperature. Where such tanks are primarily constructed of plane surfaces gravity tanks the design vapour pressure P o should be less than 0.
The soaking temperature and holding time should be to the satisfaction of the Administration. Instrument piping not containing cargo is exempt from these requirements.
Where mechanical expansion joints are used in piping they should be held to a minimum and, where located outside cargo tanks, should be of the bellows type. Where liquid piping is dismantled regularly, or where liquid leakage may be anticipated, such as at shore connections and at pump seals, protection for the hull beneath should be provided. All gasketed pipe joints and hose connections should be electrically bonded.
Relief valves on cargo pumps should discharge to the pump suction. In other cases an efficiency factor of less than 1. The value of b should be chosen so that the calculated stress in the bend, due to internal pressure only, does not exceed the allowable stress. If corrosion or erosion is expected, the wall thickness of the piping should be increased over that required by other design requirements.
This allowance should be consistent with the expected life of the piping. If the stress-strain curve does not show a defined yield stress, the 0. For bellows expansion joints used in vapour service, a lower minimum design pressure may be accepted. In any case, consideration should be given to thermal stresses, even though calculations are not submitted.
The analysis may be carried out according to a code of practice acceptable to the Administration. Similar relaxations may be permitted under the same temperature conditions to open ended piping inside cargo tanks, excluding discharge piping and all piping inside membrane and semi-membrane tanks. For independent tanks partly protruding through the open deck, the fire exposure factor should be determined on the basis of the surface areas above and below deck.
The constant D may also be calculated by the following formula :. Electrical installations complying with this Section need not be considered as a source of ignition for the purposes of Chapter 3.
Electrical equipment, cables and wiring should not be installed in hazardous locations unless it conforms with the standards not inferior to those acceptable to the Organization 2.
However, for locations not covered by such standards, electrical equipment, cables and wiring which do not conform to the standards may be installed in hazardous locations based on a risk assessment to the satisfaction of the Administration, to ensure that an equivalent level of safety is assured. Certified safe type equipment may be fitted in gas-dangerous spaces and zones in accordance with the following provisions:.
Arrangements should be made to automatically shut down the motors in the event of low liquid level. This may be accomplished by sensing low pump discharge pressure, low motor current, or low liquid level. This shutdown should be alarmed at the cargo control station. Cargo pump motors should be capable of being isolated from their electrical supply during gas-freeing operations. The lighting system should be divided between at least two branch circuits. All switches and protective devices should interrupt all poles or phases and be located in a gas-safe space.
Flexible couplings or other means of maintaining alignment should be fitted to the shafts between the driven equipment and its motors and, in addition, suitable glands should be provided where the shafts pass through the gastight bulkhead or deck.
Such electric motors and associated equipment should be located in a compartment complying with Chapter Notes on completion of Certificate: 1 Ship type: Any entry under this column must be related to all relevant recommendations, e. In respect of the latter "new"products, any special requirements provisionally prescribed should be noted.
NOTE: An intermediate survey may take the place of a mandatory annual survey where the relevant provisions of 1,5. If questions are raised regarding the content, the original version of the regulatory framework as published through the official channels prevails. Zoeken op tekst Zoeken. Onderwerp: Home Zoekresultaten. IGC-Code Int. Externe relaties. Maak een PDF. Ingangsdatum: Permanente link. Chapter 01 General.
A space which contains gas detection equipment complying with Chapter 02 Ship survival capability and location of cargo tanks. Where transverse bulkheads are spaced at a lesser distance, one or more of these bulkheads within such extent of damage should be assumed as non-existent for the purpose of determining flooded compartments. Further, any portion of a transverse bulkhead bounding side compartments or double bottom compartments should be assumed damaged if the watertight bulkhead boundaries are within the extent of vertical or horizontal penetration required by 2.
Also, any transverse bulkhead should be assumed damaged if it contains a step or recess of more than 3 m in length located within the extent of penetration of assumed damage.
The step formed by the after peak bulkhead and after peak tank top should not be regarded as a step for the purpose of this paragraph.
Spaces which are linked by ducts of large cross-sectional area may be considered to be common. The unflooded parts of superstructures beyond the extent of damage, however, may be taken into consideration provided that :. Spaces Permeabilities Appropriated to stores 0. Such openings should include air pipes and openings which are closed by means of weathertight doors or hatch covers and may exclude those openings closed by menas of watertight manhole covers and watertight flush scuttles, small watertight cargo tank hatch covers which maintain the high integrity of the deck, remotely operated watertight sliding doors, and sidescuttles of the non-opening type ;.
However, it should never be significantly less than that required by 2. Unprotected openings should not be immersed within this range unless the space concerned is assumed to be flooded. Within this range, the immersion of any of the openings listed in 2. Chapter 03 Ship arrangements. The bulkhead of accommodation spaces, service spaces or control stations which face the cargo area should be so located as to avoid the entry of gas from the hold space to such spaces through a single failure of a deck or bulkhead on a ship having a containment system requiring a secondary barrier.
Port lights facing the cargo area and on the side of the houses within the distance mentioned above should be of the fixed non-opening type. Wheelhouse windows may be non-fixed and navigating bridge doors may be located within the above limits so long as they are so designed that a rapid and efficient gas and vapour tightening of the wheelhouse can be ensured. For ships dedicated to the carriage of cargoes which have neither flammable nor toxic hazards, the Administration may approve relaxations from the above requirements.
For toxic gases they are to be operated from inside the space. All valves necessary for cargo handling should be readily accessible to personnel wearing protective clothing.
Ship construction , complex of activities concerned with the design and fabrication of all marine vehicles. Ship construction today is a complicated compound of art and science. In the great days of sail , vessels were designed and built on the basis of practical experience; ship construction was predominantly a skill. The consequence of this was a rapid increase in the size, speed, commercial value, and safety of ships. He is usually required to prepare a design for a vessel that must carry a certain weight of cargo or number of passengers at a specified speed with particular reference to trade requirements; high-density cargoes, such as machinery, require little hold capacity, while the reverse is true for low-density cargoes , such as grain.
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Implications for the energy industry - the vast majority of vessels being fitted with scrubbers purchase fuel on the spot market, so they will rely on HSFO being available at traditional bunker hubs. Implications for the shipping industry - for the largest vessels, scrubbing economics are very favorable and short payback periods are expected. With container ships now being lined-up for retrofitting, operators are racing to get their ships in the queue to be fitted in a bid to remain competitive in the very intense sector. As expected has seen a burst of scrubber-fitted vessels arriving on the water, as ship owners race to complete fittings ahead of the fuel specification change on 1st January This trend is expected to continue through the remainder of , as the shipyards begin to see waves of vessels arriving for retrofitting, whilst an increasing number of new build vessels with scrubbers fitted rolls out of shipyards. As of 1st April , the number of ships fitted with scrubbers in service stood at , according to data collected via multiple sources including vessel tracking by IHS Markit. The next eight months are expected to be busy, with a further 1, ships entering service ahead of 1st January , according to IHS Markit forecasts. This is far lower than the 3, vessels, which CE Delft projected in their study undertaken on behalf of the IMO in
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Officer of the Watch. The majority of the information presented below has been compiled from various sources either from the internet or through personal day to day work experience and is being updated at regular intervals. Please do not hesitate to contact us for any queries or ideas for improvement of the maritime dictionary. Anchor billboard. Anchor stopper.
Different Parts Of A Ship Explained
A deck is a permanent covering over a compartment or a hull  of a ship. On a boat or ship, the primary or upper deck is the horizontal structure that forms the "roof" of the hull, strengthening it and serving as the primary working surface.
If you own a boat or are looking to own a boat, it helps to make yourself familiar with the most commonly used boating terms. Not only will you impress your friends, but knowing the correct terminology is important in staying safe on the waters. Below is a list of the most common words still in use today, many of which have their roots stretching far into the past when sea travel was our main mode of transportation.
A ship is like a floating city having several different parts. A ship comprises of both visible as well as invisible parts. The most forward part of a ship is called a Bow, the left-hand side of the ship is referred to as port whereas the right side is called starboard. Likewise, the front side is termed as forward and back side as astern.
Но они не вернулись - а это было так. - Может быть, они передумали. Странно, подумал Элвин: и он, и Хилвар стали бессознательно употреблять слово "они". Кем бы или чем бы "они" ни были - их влияние сильно ощущалось на первой из планет, а здесь - еще сильнее.