While our folk art and handicraft are gorgeous, the pottery is simply brilliant. Gzhel — Nowadays, the name Gzhel is used to describe artisan porcelain and pottery production and painting. Since ancient times the village of Gzhel and the entire Gzhel Oblast have been famous for their clay deposits; which have been actively mined since the 17th century. The extracted clay originally was used to manufacture pots for pharmaceutical products.
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While our folk art and handicraft are gorgeous, the pottery is simply brilliant. Gzhel — Nowadays, the name Gzhel is used to describe artisan porcelain and pottery production and painting.
Since ancient times the village of Gzhel and the entire Gzhel Oblast have been famous for their clay deposits; which have been actively mined since the 17th century.
The extracted clay originally was used to manufacture pots for pharmaceutical products. It was later used to produce bricks, tiles for stoves, pottery, and toys, which were very popular in those days. Dymkovo artisanry has existed for more than four centuries now. It emerged in the village of Dymkovo near the city of Viatka, which was later renamed after Kirov now it is the territory of the city of Kirov.
Toy manufacturing traditions were passed down through generations strictly from mothers to daughters, which gradually led to the emergence of entire dynasties of craftswomen. Their products were largely characterized by original ornaments, proportions, and colors. Dymkovo toys are among the most famous Russian folk art items.
The process of toy making has remained unchanged to this day. The toy is molded manually from red clay, dried and tempered, then whitewashed with tempera white. The toy is manually painted with tempera paints and gilt. The products are incredibly bright, dominated by red, green, blue, and yellow colors.
This artisanry was born in the village of Khludnevo in the first half of the 19th century. Most often, it was a family manufacturer, and, like in Dymkovo, only women were involved in the making of toys.
Men manufactured crockery and other household items. The toys consist of several parts and represent multi-figure compositions, characterized by rough moulding and exquisite naivety.
The painting is quite simple, dominated by undulating, horizontal and vertical lines, pagan signs of sun, sky, and life. The toys are painted with bright aniline dyes, dominated by red, green, yellow, and maroon. The village Khludnevo is located in the Duminichi district of the Kaluga Oblast. Filimonovo toy — One of the oldest surviving handicrafts, Filimonovo toys are more than seven hundred years old.
The artisanry emerged in the area due to rich deposits of a special clay named Sinika. It was used not only to make toys, but also for crockery. Pennywhistle toys have remained the main product of the Filimonovo factory through today. Sinika is blue clay with some unusual properties.
It is very oily, which complicates the process of modeling — it tends to crack while drying and the cracks have to be repeatedly smoothed, which gives the figurines that very distinctive, disproportionately refined form. During the tempering the clay changes its color to bright white. Skopino ceramic products — These products are a type of folk handicraft, consisting of traditional pottery manufacturing. The emergence of this craft dates back to s.
Large production began later, in the 19th century. It was created by the Ovodov brothers. It was used to manufacture crockery of amazing beauty, bricks, tiles, and other household items, and construction supplies. Like in many other industries, the company was nationalized after the revolution.
After a short break in , production was resumed. Since ancient times, the village of Balkhar has been known for its pottery. Ancient folk motifs are used in decoration, and only craftswomen are involved in the production. Special attention is given to crockery and small sculptural forms.
Balhar masters use 15 kinds of clay extracted nearby. The products are created in the technique of coiling clay strap. They are tempered in an ancient oven, traditionally rekindled with pressed dung and firewood. The product is painted directly on the slowly rotating potter's wheel, and its pattern is not designed in advance, but emerges during the process. Consequently, all products are unique with a great variety of ornaments. The painting is done with a solution of white, yellow and red clay.
Simple elements are predominant, including dots, wavy lines, stripes, circles, and spiral strokes. The village of Balkhar is located in the Akusha District of Daguestan. It was built by merchant Akim Maltsov on the Goose River. Today, "the Gusevskoy Crystal Factory" maintains its status of artistic production. The factory manufactures products of the highest quality. Crystal products are striking in their beauty and multicolored play of light on their surfaces; they are durable and have a unique musical jingle.
Gus crystal is known all over the world, and in every Russian home there is surely at least one of its products. Yaroslavl majolica products from tempered clay, covered with painted glaze is a very young craft, but has already become popular. The majolica workshop was founded in by Evgeny Shepelev and Natalia Pavlova. The workshop quickly gained disciples. It produces a wide range of products — there are wall panel pictures and figurines, Christmas toys and bank boxes, candlesticks, vases, and small magnets.
They are painted in both pale pastel and bright colors. The Imperial Porcelain Factory was the first porcelain factory in Russia. It was opened by a decree of Empress Elizabeth in From classics and modern works to Soviet realism and the deliberate simplicity of the times of Khrushchev Thaw.
The Imperial factory predictably was a supplier of the imperial court by making amazingly beautiful original knickknacks - snuff boxes, figurines, dishes and vases. Many of them already occupy their deserved place in museums. The period of the s is particularly noteworthy, when the nationalized factory began to produce "propaganda porcelain" - statuettes and other items dedicated to the revolution and the changes that were happening in the country in the difficult post-revolutionary times.
Some distinguished artists, including Kustodiev and Petrov-Vodkin, took part in their creation. Some products from the Kuznetsovsky porcelain factory, built by Kuznetsov in the village of Dulyovo in , are today recognized as antiques. The enterprise has gone through many ups and downs.
The factory used to produce majolica, faience, and porcelain. The products varied from toilet bowls and telegraph insulators to highly artistic crockery sets. Kuznetsovsky porcelain is a brand famous not only in Russia, but all over the world. Today, the factory continues to manufacture porcelain products, and they are true works of art from top to bottom, whether it is a thematic crockery set, mugs and dishes for the holidays and memorable dates, vases, or souvenirs.
The factory is focused not on mass production, but on the creation of unique works of art, many of which exist only in as one of a kind pieces. All items are hand-painted. Its products obviously are not cheap, but believe us - they are worth the money. Dymkovo toy.
Khludnevo toy. Filimonovo toy. Skopino ceramic products. Dagestan Pottery - Balkhar. Yaroslavl majolica. The workshop is located in the city of Yaroslavl. Imperial porcelain. Kuznetsovsky porcelain.
As peculiar as some of the pieces themselves, the language of ceramics is vast and draws from a global dictionary. Peruse our A-Z to find out about some of the terms you might discover in our incredible galleries. Ceramic objects are often identified by their marks. Marks like the Chelsea anchor or the crossed-swords of Meissen are well known and were often pirated , while the significance of others is uncertain.
ITALIAN CERAMICS FROM MIDDLE AGE TO THE PRESENT
Gzhel is a Russian style of ceramics which takes its name from the village of Gzhel and surrounding area, where it has been produced since The name Gzhel became associated with pottery in the 14th century. Gzhel pottery was originally created by potters in their homes, however fairly early on these potters started to organize into workshops to increase production. The workshops eventually became a factory with pieces being formed in moulds and potters being responsible for separate pieces, a specific style, or decoration. Pottery was also produced using a tin based white glaze and coloured glaze designs in blue, green, yellow, and brown, rather than just blue on a white background, in a style that is referred to as Maiolica. The body colour of earthenware varies depending on the raw materials used, and can range in color from white to brown. It is generally fired at lower temperatures than either stoneware or porcelain, and can remain semi-permeable to water until glazed.
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The porcelain of the Chinese Porcelain has been known as a product of the Chinese since the golden age of West-Chinese cultures to B. But Porcelain was not invented in China, but it was the result of a long process of development. Porcelain items reached Europe by way of laborious routes from the 13th century onwards by traders, explorers and globetrotters like Marco Polo. Porcelain was imported in particular via the Dutch since the 17th century.
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Tin-glazed pottery is earthenware covered in lead glaze with added tin oxide  which is white, shiny and opaque see tin-glazing for the chemistry ; usually this provides a background for brightly painted decoration. It has been important in Islamic and European pottery , but very little used in East Asia. The pottery body is usually made of red or buff-colored earthenware and the white glaze imitated Chinese porcelain.
Ceramics from the Greek word "keramos", which means clay are products that are produced by sintering clays and mixtures of clays with mineral additives. As a result of heat treatment, ceramics acquires properties that determine its widespread use in various sectors of the national economy. Ceramics is unparalleled in terms of the physicochemical, mechanical, and artistic and aesthetic properties. It is used in everyday life dishes, ceramics, vases, paintings , used in construction, in art. The main types of ceramics can be distinguished: terracotta, majolica, faience, porcelain. Unglazed Ceramics : terracotta and pottery ceramics are the oldest of all types of ceramics. It is used in art, domestic and construction purposes. From terracotta dishes, vases, sculptures, tiles, tiles, toys, tiles and architectural details are made. At the same time, beautiful tanning marks form on its surface, the dishes become waterproof. Currently, pottery ceramics is very widespread. From it make pots, cups, jugs and other household items.
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Routledge Bolero Ozon. Karel Davids , Bert De Munck. Late medieval and early modern cities are often depicted as cradles of artistic creativity and hotbeds of new material culture. Cities in renaissance Italy and in seventeenth and eighteenth-century northwestern Europe are the most obvious cases in point. But, how did this come about?
C En provides a unique platform of researchers, technologists and industrial participants to discuss the latest advances and breakthroughs in ceramic-based materials linked to hydrogen, low carbon and high efficiency energy technologies. This new edition is a great networking opportunity to share new ideas and knowledge on the following topics:. The 3-days program features S cientific Sessions involving prestigious keynote, invited and international speakers selected after an abstract peer-review process by the Scientific Committee.
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With the introduction of this many-coloured Chinese porcelain into Europe the same practice was eagerly followed by our European potters, and a new palette of colours and fresh styles of decoration soon arose amongst us. Painting in on-glaze colours, being executed on the fired glaze, resembles glass painting, and it generally offers a striking contrast both in technique and colour-quality to the painting executed in colours under the glaze. In the former the work can be highly finished and the most mechanical execution is possible, but the colours are neither so rich nor so brilliant as under-glaze colours, nor have they the same softness as is given by the slight spread of the under-glaze colour when the glaze is melted over it.
The invention of a white pottery glaze suitable for painted decoration, by the addition of an oxide of tin to the slip of a lead glaze, was a major advance in the history of pottery. The invention seems to have been made in Iran or the Middle East before the ninth century.