Textile has been known for thousands of years for its ease of use, comfort, and wear resistance, which resulted in a wide range of applications in garments and industry. More recently, textile emerges as a promising substrate for self-powered wearable power sources that are desired in wearable electronics. Important progress has been attained in the exploitation of wearable triboelectric nanogenerators TENGs in shapes of fiber, yarn, and textile. Along with the effective integration of other devices such as supercapacitor, lithium battery, and solar cell, their feasibility for realizing self-charging wearable systems has been proven. In this review, according to the manufacturing process of traditional textiles starting from fibers, twisting into yarns, and weaving into textiles, we summarize the progress on wearable TENGs in shapes of fiber, yarn, and textile.
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Dyneema sewing threadVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: What are coroutines (aka Java Fibers in Project Loom)?
Providing versatility and durability in a wide range of applications, fiber optic cables are critical for ensuring the reliability of communication networks all over the world.
At its most basic, a fiber optic cable is composed of glass threads , each of which can transmit messages modulated onto light waves. Offering greater bandwidth than copper cable, fiber optic cables have quickly become the go-to cable solution in communications, industrial networking, sensing, and avionics applications. OFS provides high-strength fiber cables for use in various industrial, indoor, and outdoor applications. Offering unique properties and benefits for different types of use, our communications fiber optic cable products can easily meet complex application requirements and specifications.
Featuring corrugated steel armor and a polyethylene jacket, this cable provides rugged durability and rodent resistance. Many of our products, including our ribbon cables and dry gel-free cables, are used extensively in various FTTx applications. And all of our fiber optic solutions, whether designed for FFTH fiber-to-the-home , FFTN fiber-to-the-node , or FFTC fiber-to-the-curb applications, allow for the delivery of more data — across greater distances — than traditional copper cables.
By eliminating messy gels and filling compounds, totally gel-free cables streamline the handling and installation process for outside plant OSP cables for higher efficiencies. These cables are available in loose tube or ribbon constructions with dielectric or metallic sheath options. OFS has led the industry in optical fiber ribbon technology by being the first to introduce fiber optic ribbon cables , as well as the first to introduce UV-curable acrylate material ribbons.
Our ribbon cables deliver the highest fiber density in the most compact cable package possible. Streamlining fiber termination can save time and money with easy mass-fusion splicing.
The fibers in a rollable ribbon are attached intermittently. In addition, this design enables more fiber to be installed in less space than flat ribbon cables, while also allowing the fibers to be spliced using typical ribbon splicing techniques and equipment.
While greater fiber density more fibers in a smaller space is a key starting point, rollable ribbon technology offers many more benefits when compared to flat ribbon cables. Longer lengths can reduce the number of splice points, splicing costs and shipping costs. These ribbon cables are also gel-free. While removing the gel decreases the cable weight, the main benefit is to speed up and simplify the splicing process.
Taking the splicing process into account, the list of rollable ribbon benefits grows even longer. Compact, durable, and self-supporting fiber drop cables come in completely all-dielectric or toneable constructions.
Reliable and cost-effective for the last link in the optical network, they are the ideal solution for self-supporting aerial, direct buried, and duct FTTx drop installations. OFS was the first optical cable manufacturer to introduce the central core cable design, offering easy fiber access and maximum fiber density. The central core cables provide excellent optical, mechanical and environmental performance, making them an excellent choice for a wide variety of deployments, including underground conduit and rugged direct burial.
The result is a unique, dual-purpose cable that can help save time and money by allowing OSP applications to flow seamlessly indoors, using a single cable and no splices. OFS microcables and blown fiber units are specifically designed for enhanced air-blown installation where light weight, flexibility and small size are critical. These cables are appropriate for fiber to the home, business, and multiple dwelling unit deployments.
OFS premises cables combine peak performance, ease of installation and flexibility with exceptional reliability and safety for a broad range of indoor applications.
A full range of high-performance riser , plenum and LSOH-rated low smoke zero halogen cables offer the flexibility to handle virtually any application between building entrance and desktop — in most environments from office to factory floor.
Our approach to specialty fiber optic cables is to build upon these advantages to create solutions for a wide variety of applications where fiber optic cables may need to endure such things as higher temperature conditions, chemical exposure, or transitions from indoors to outdoors.
OFS specialty fiber optic cables serve customers in the medical, manufacturing, commercial and military aircraft, as well as unmanned ground and air vehicles markets. What sets us apart is our ability to create customized cables from a wide selection of coatings, buffers, and cabling materials to meet specific environmental conditions such as: abrasion, chemical, and solvent exposure, high-temperature, shock, and vibration. The selection of coatings includes:. Avionics cables used in aerospace applications are manufactured to withstand the special conditions found in aircrafts.
The team at OFS has years of experience developing fiber optic cable solutions. Serving a range of industries, we work closely with all our clients to ensure cables meet their specific needs, no matter how unusual or complex.
To learn more about our fiber optic cable options, check out our comprehensive catalog , or reach out to our team of experts today to discuss your fiber optic cable specifications and needs. Our scientists and engineers create the products and solutions that become industry standards. We publish their results and most important publications on our website. They discuss a wide variety of topics ranging from our suggested solutions to technical problems to breakthroughs in numerous products.
Ribbon Cable OFS has led the industry in optical fiber ribbon technology by being the first to introduce fiber optic ribbon cables , as well as the first to introduce UV-curable acrylate material ribbons. Smaller coiling diameters to fit in smaller handholes. Smaller cables enable longer lengths on a reel. They can be spliced using typical ribbon splicing techniques, maintaining the productivity and restoration speed benefits of ribbons.
It is easier to break out individual fibers from the ribbon structure when using rollable ribbons. There is the potential to use smaller splice trays, which improves closure density, as rollable ribbons are not confined to a rigid flat ribbon structure. Fiber Optic Drop Cable Compact, durable, and self-supporting fiber drop cables come in completely all-dielectric or toneable constructions. Central Core Cable OFS was the first optical cable manufacturer to introduce the central core cable design, offering easy fiber access and maximum fiber density.
Microcables and Air Blown Fiber Units OFS microcables and blown fiber units are specifically designed for enhanced air-blown installation where light weight, flexibility and small size are critical. Premises Cable OFS premises cables combine peak performance, ease of installation and flexibility with exceptional reliability and safety for a broad range of indoor applications.
Avionics Cables Avionics cables used in aerospace applications are manufactured to withstand the special conditions found in aircrafts. We are here to help The team at OFS has years of experience developing fiber optic cable solutions. Knowledge Base Our scientists and engineers create the products and solutions that become industry standards. Visit Our Knowledge Base.
Box , Espoo, Aalto, Finland E-mail: simone. Box , Espoo, Finland E-mail: marjo. The successful recycling of colored textile waste and reuse of respective dyes would represent a major milestone of global efforts to reduce the environmental impact of the textile industry. The chemical upcycling of dyed pre- and postconsumer cotton waste is promoted by studying the spinability and color fastness of seven vat and reactive dyes i. It was found that there is a clear discrepancy between the recyclability of dyed pre- and postconsumer cotton waste, resulting in significantly higher fiber properties up to tenacities of Despite these deviations, almost all fibers and demo fabrics produced thereof exhibited bright colors that can be reused in textile industry.
The Ultimate Guide to Sewing Thread
The effectiveness of the wet processes investigated by the project team, such as bleaching and dyeing of coir, are strongly dependent on the procedures used to extract fibres from the husks and the pretreatment given the fibres. Both state-of-the art and commonly used technologies for fibre extraction are described. The traditional production of fibres from the husks 9,10,11,12 is a laborious and time-consuming process. This is highly polluting of surface waters 13,14,15 and results in the accumulation of large dumps of pith. After manual separation of the nut from the husk, the husks are processed by various retting techniques, and generally in ponds of brackish waters for three to six months or in salt backwaters or lagoons. This requires months of anaerobic bacterial fermentation. By retting the fibres they are softened and can be decorticated and extracted by beating 16 , which is usually done by hand.
Java 12 Fibers
Cotton Spinning Company Our cotton seeds are not just popular with growers but also with gardeners and researchers at universities for cotton research projects. By collaboratively growing what we know about organic cotton and what is needed for a prosperous sector, we grow the future together. Our floss is boss!. Reach out to suppliers directly and ask for the lowest price, discount, and small shipping fees. However, after Eli Whitney unveiled the cotton gin, processing cotton became much easier resulting in greater availability and cheaper cloth. Also, knitting kits, socks, comforters, mattress pads and hand-woven blankets. The following list and supplementary links provide a good picture of this early and substantial industrialization.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Polyester fiber from PET bottle with new "EASY WOOL 3 "
ASTM's textile standards provide the specifications and test methods for the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of textiles, fabrics, and cloths, as well as the natural and artificial fibers that constitute them. The textiles covered by these standards are commonly formed by weaving, knitting, or spinning together fibers such as glass fiber strands, wool and other animal fibers, cotton and other plant-derived fibers, yarn, sewing threads, and mohair, to name a few. These textile standards help fabric and cloth designers and manufacturers in testing textiles to ensure acceptable characteristics towards proper end-use. Additive Manufacturing Standards. Cement Standards and Concrete Standards. Fire Standards and Flammability Standards. Geotechnical Engineering Standards. Consumer Product Evaluation Standards.
Progress on wearable triboelectric nanogenerators in shapes of fiber, yarn, and textile
Providing versatility and durability in a wide range of applications, fiber optic cables are critical for ensuring the reliability of communication networks all over the world. At its most basic, a fiber optic cable is composed of glass threads , each of which can transmit messages modulated onto light waves. Offering greater bandwidth than copper cable, fiber optic cables have quickly become the go-to cable solution in communications, industrial networking, sensing, and avionics applications. OFS provides high-strength fiber cables for use in various industrial, indoor, and outdoor applications.
Such a small item actually makes a huge difference in the quality and outcome of your sewing project. This is the ultimate guide for everything you need to know about sewing thread. Thread is woven and spun in different ways depending on the type of thread it is and how it will behave as you sew with it. Z-Twist Left Twist thread is the most common thread weave and is standard for almost all single-needle sewing machines. Z-twist thread is the only type of twisted thread we sell at Sailrite. The thread twists to the right and is used in double-needle sewing machines for embellishments and decorative stitches. This illustration helps show the S and Z twist in sewing threads. When thread passes through your sewing machine, extra twist is applied to the thread by your machine. If an S-twist thread is used in a single-needle machine, the sewing process can actually untwist your thread, causing thread shredding and weak seams. Likewise, you would not want to use a Z-twist thread in a double-needle machine. Threads that wick are not treated against water absorption.
Dtex To Denier. When polyester is labeled D, it is a reference to the denier or fineness of the material's fiber. The success of Denier has always been attributed to the excellent staff consisting of professional electrical workers, engineers, service and maintenance workers, construction managers, technology experts, and support staff. Multi-layer woven fabric consists of at least two layers, which are woven one above the other and stitched together. Durability meets flexibility. How to Calculate Denier. Natural look Landscape Grass at your door step Feels and look like natural grass Low maintenance cost Save water Pesticide free Safe for children and pets.
Fiber Optic Cable
For a winter time project, I've decided to learn to splice Dyneema lines working up to making soft-shackles and my own low-friction rings with the dyneema loops. It is based on the conversion of fibre into yarn, yarn into fabric. Zoom offers a growing range of high performance Threads. It didn't remove food residues nearly as well as dental floss. It All Starts With a Thread. Expand your sewing room accessories with specialty machine feet, a top-notch iron, or a bobbin winder. Thought you would never find it? Well now you have over 1, hard to track down Leisure Marine products.
Cotton Spinning Company
Fiber or fibre in British English , see spelling differences ; from the Latin fibra  is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide. The strongest engineering materials often incorporate fibers, for example carbon fiber and ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene.
Dtex To Denier
Artificial fibers are threads produced from man-made materials, unlike natural fibers like cotton, silk, and hemp. Most synthetic fibers are polymer-based and are produced by a process known as spinning, in which a polymeric liquid is extruded through fine holes known as spinnerets.
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