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Plant ware electronic devices, except integrated circuits and piezoelectric devices

Plant ware electronic devices, except integrated circuits and piezoelectric devices

Sensors and actuators are key components of the internet of things in all of it different application areas — in the Smart Things we carry or have all around us, in the our Homes, in the City and in Factories and workplaces; and of course they are key to enabling a smarter driving experience our cars. The power of these sensors and actuators comes from what is done with the data that they receive and in the actions that can be taken. Here connectivity, data security, cloud services and artificial intelligence have a key role to play and the deployment of the next tens of billions of MEMS will go hand in hand with the development of the supporting infrastructure. Biography Dr. With his extensive technical experiences, he has worked on system-level sensor integration, from nanomaterials synthesis and devices to embedded edge computing.

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A communication device is provided and includes a first major surface including a display and a mixed array. The mixed array includes at least two different types of array units and occupies an area coinciding with, in plan view as viewed perpendicular to the major surface, at least substantially the entire major surface.

The mixed array includes at least one emitting or transmission element and at least one input or receiving element positioned in a pixel stack. Provisional Application Ser. The technical field relates to electronic devices, and more specifically to portable electronic devices that can perform identification, secure transactions, and other user oriented services. Magnetic cards have many purposes. Examples include credit cards, debit cards, medical and insurance cards, drug payment cards, health care service cards, stored value cards, identification cards, access entry cards, and the like.

Many of these cards have information stored in a magnetic stripe, for provision to communicate with a POS Point of Sale system. At the same time, portable user devices such as smart mobile phones and wireless computers, offer a wide variety of information and communication capabilities to the user. Some portable user devices augment the use of magnetic cards by allowing, for example, the modification of information in the magnetic strip of the cards.

There are also mobile devices which interface to magnetic stripe readers through the use of a card slot. Additionally, there are card readers that are completely internal to a secure facade, such as that typically found at an ATM automated teller machine. In a first aspect of the disclosure, a communication device includes a first major surface having a display and a first mixed array including at least two different types of array units.

The first mixed array occupies an area coinciding with, in plan view as viewed perpendicular to the first major surface, at least substantially the entire first major surface. In a second aspect of the disclosure is a method of communicating between first and second communication devices.

Each communication device includes a first major surface including a display and a mixed array including at least two different array units, and each mixed array occupies an area of the respective communication device coinciding, in a plan view as viewed perpendicularly to each of the first major surfaces, with at least substantially the entire first major surface.

Each first major surface includes at least one emitting pixel and one emission detecting pixel provided to emit and detect emission at respective angles relative a line normal to each of the first major surfaces. Each communication device also includes at least one controllable magnetic element. The method includes magnetically levitating the second communication device over the first communication device such that the first and second communication devices are substantially aligned with one another in the plan view, controlling the at least controllable magnetic element to adjust an angular position of the second communication device such that the at least one emitting pixel of the first communication device and the at least one emission detecting pixel of the second communication device substantially align such the at least one emission detecting pixel detects emission from the at least one emitting pixel, and communicating data between the aligned at least one emission detecting pixel detects emission from the at least one emitting pixel.

In a third aspect of the present disclosure, a method of authentication uses a communication device including a major surface, a display, and a mixed array including at least two different array units, each said mixed array occupying an area of the respective communication device coinciding, in plan view perpendicular to the major surfaces, with at least substantially the entire major surface.

The method includes sensing, using the at least two different array units, at least two types of biometric characteristics from a single target adjacent the major surface to generate biometric data related to the two characteristic types, comparing the generated data to stored biometric data, and determining whether to authenticate based on the comparison.

In a fourth aspect of the disclosure, a method of performing a transaction uses a communication device that includes a major surface including a display and a mixed array including at least two different array units, each said mixed array occupying area of the respective communication device coinciding, in plan view perpendicular to the major surfaces, with at least substantially the entire major surface.

The method includes scanning, using the at least one of the two different array units, at least one item to be purchased, creating a list including data identifying each scanned item, transmitting the list to a remote computer using the communication device, finalizing the transaction based on each item on the list, wherein the transaction amount is adjusted based on a search and retrieval for best value performed by the remote computer for each item on the list.

Applicant realized that many capabilities of portable user devices such as smart mobile phones and wireless computers, which offer a wide variety of information and communication capabilities, can be closely related to activities which also involve user devices, such as magnetic or smart cards, and magnetic readers.

In an embodiment according to the present disclosure, a system is disclosed that includes a seamless combination of card and mobile platforms to provide a user with a network-connected secure, truly portable device that can provide authenticated information and interact with the market-place and its associated environment.

The present disclosure provides a mobile computerized platform that can conduct secure transactions by emulating a standard credit card or bank card in a manner that can transact with the embedded legacy readers, such as those used at a POS or inside physically secure machines, such as an ATM.

Thus, applications of a card according to the present disclosure can include legacy card readers and readers provided internally in an ATM machine, just as a bank card would be processed. Electronic devices come with the cost of reduced resistance to environmental factors, such as impact and moisture. Conventional plastic cards having a magnetic stripe exhibit sensitivity to their exposed magnetic stripe material by way of direct damage or magnetic inducted damage.

By contrast, an embodiment of the present disclosure provides a card having selected capabilities of electronic devices and conventional plastic cards while having robust resistance to such environmental factors. A card according to the present disclosure can emit light, sense light, and collect information related to the sensed light across at least substantially the entire major planar surfaces of the card; that is, a substantial portion of the major surfaces throughout their entire extent.

In some embodiments, one or more entire major surfaces of a card can emit and sense an energy source, such as one or more of light, sound, tactile energy sources, and feedback e.

These new functionalities will find great utility and acceptance as developers create application databases, ecommerce and network applications.

A card as a user device according to the present disclosure incorporates the functionality of other electronic devices already carried by a user in the interest of reducing the total number of such devices, which is desirable to gain a foothold in all possible domains including but not limited to the domain of proof of identity and POS use.

The present disclosure further includes application of the features of the aforementioned card's surface to larger surfaces, displays, or mats. Such mats may emulate an array of devices and may be activated with or without touch, i.

A card in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure can include an RFID device or array that permits using the card for a variety of new functions. Included in these functions is the ability to track and locate items or objects configured with an RFID tag, and the ability to create automated lists using RFID tags.

A card having the ability to read RFID tags in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure can also serve as an interface between an RFID tag and a legacy card reader.

An array of RFID sensors can track real time movement of an RFID tagged item or object, expanding the applications of the card and the data that may be gathered by the card. An exemplary embodiment of a card user device in accordance with the present disclosure will now be described with reference to the figures.

Unless indicated otherwise, descriptions of elements having the same reference numbers may not be repeated for the sake of brevity. Card can connect to network via a card reader , such as a credit card reader located at a POS, an ATM, a secure entry device etc.

Card can communicate with server via a communications device , such as a cell phone, PDA, electronic tablet, laptop computer, desktop computer through one or more wireless or wired communication channels , and via a communication connection between communications device and network In an exemplary embodiment, communications device can connect to network and server through a wireless connection to an antenna of a wireless network base station e.

In an exemplary embodiment, with additional energy expenditure, card can connect to server through base station antenna through a wireless connection without any intermediary communications device , or through one or more wireless repeaters. In an embodiment, card can connect to server via a wireless access point utilizing a Wi-Fi or other wireless protocol , a communications connection , and network As shown in FIG.

One usage of the term display is in reference to the light emitted from a plurality of light emitting pixels elements e. The light emitted by light emitting pixel elements of first light emitting unit or second light emitting unit forms an image that may be called or described as a display when used in conjunction with card and variations of card , unless otherwise noted.

These elements can include and are not limited to; processors, memory, power, busses, pixels, etc. The user will not experience any interruption of service when a redundant element fails. Card will attempt to reboot its down element s and report the results of hardware fault recovery, resynchronize and then report the overall success or failure to the user and to the servers and operators of the overall system.

With a completely redundant solution, each processor representing an independent survivable processor can be controlled with an additional element, such as a redundancy control processor, that exists to synchronize each processor to the next. Even the element which does synchronization to achieve redundancy can be duplicated and suffer a failure without disruption of service to the user. For example, in an exemplary embodiment a first processor not shown can control mainly elements on one side of card , while a second processor not shown can control mainly elements on the opposing side of card In the event either processor fails, both sides of card can continue to function using the remaining processor with all services offered and uninterrupted.

As noted hereinabove, memory is a non-transitory machine-readable medium such as a storage medium or other storage s and stores instructions related to programs, routines, and other code executable by processor and data structures such as encrypted user personal and financial information. Although FIG. Depending on the permissible thickness of card , at least a portion of memory may be in the form of a micro hard drive or a nano-hard drive. Many capabilities and other aspects of card and system 1 are described herein in terms of processes and sequences of processes.

It is to be understood that these processes and sequences of processes can be performed by processor or controller carrying out programmed instructions, although some processes can be carried out using other hardware capable of executing programmed instructions. For example, embodiments can be implemented in hardware, software, firmware, middleware, microcode, or any combination thereof.

The programmed instructions can be program code or code segments that perform necessary tasks and can be stored in memory A code segment may represent a procedure, a function, a subprogram, a program, a routine, a subroutine, a module, a software package, a class, or any combination of instructions, data structures, or program statements.

Communications unit includes a transmitter and receiver that can communicate with a wireless network element via transmitting and receiving radio waves cellular, RFID, etc. Communications unit and antenna are configured to modulate a data signal, up-convert the modulated data signal to an RF frequency, and transmit a signal containing data information received from processor via bus from the antenna as a radio wave over a wireless network to a remote device. Communications unit and an antenna are also configured to receive a radio wave containing modulated signal information transmitted from a remote device over a wireless network, down-convert the received radio wave and demodulate the down-converted modulated signal and provide the output as reproduced data transmitted from the remote device to bus and processor A wireless network element can include, for example, an access point e.

Each of the first light emitting unit and the second light emitting unit of card include a plurality of light emitting devices, such as semiconductor light emitting diodes LEDs , organic light emitting diodes OLEDs , monochrome LCDs LCM , a multi-mode display capable of both monochrome and color display modes, thin film transistor TFT controlled backlit or edge-lit liquid crystal display LCD devices, or a combination of these display pixels, that are arrayed across respective major sides or surfaces of card see FIGS.

These light emitting arrays of card allow for not only a display to display images on the major sides or surfaces of card , but also to function as a light source, such that the light emitting arrays can illuminate any object within its power limitations, and do so with any frequency of light card has been equipped to emit, which may include one or more frequencies from infra-red to ultra violet. As can be seen from FIG. Display features can be provided, such as magnification of an image on the display, with a control to do so.

If necessary, a user may display a portion of a credit card number, for example, perhaps the last four digits only. If a user selects a function of card , he can see all of the information normally present on card , if and when needed, as a guard or protection against inadvertent disclosure of sensitive card information. In an exemplary embodiment, card can emulate plural hard cards a user may carry, front and back, first through scanning face to face, then, by way of the display.

Watermarks, e. Use of various visible light frequencies and not visible light frequencies for display also keeps a public enemy from a data transference connection, face-to-face card communication, or card in a POS system connection because it is more difficult to capture signals when using many wavelengths, particularly when those wavelengths are separated into visible and non-visible portions.

The expanded display provided by the first and second light emitting units , in the familiar form factor of a credit card can conserve space because it can serve several functions. For example, card can replace a Social Security card, a license e.

That is, while exemplary embodiments are described herein, the extent of applications of card and system 1 is far reaching and thus not limited to the specific examples described herein as will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Each of first light detection unit and second light detection unit includes a light detecting array or imaging device, such as a charge-coupled device CCD including plural semiconductor MOS diodes arrayed across respective major sides or surfaces of card see FIGS.

Light detection units , can digitize an imaging signal output from the imaging device, can perform various kinds of correction processing, such as gamma correction, on the imaging signal, and output the result to video encoder to perform encoding processing on the imaging signal and to output the result to processor or controller Additionally, first and second light detection units , of card can be equipped to detect the light created by card , or the ambient light available in a given setting, or both.

Through emission of specific light wavelengths and patterns, from specific portions of the surface of card , distance to an object can be determined from detection of this emission and can allow card to use parallax to determine velocity, acceleration, and deceleration of a given target object for display or storage. A snap shot or video of the event can mesh the image data with the movement data for real time or later use.

Through spectral analysis of received visible and invisible light, applications to read temperature, substance presence, such as sugar blood sugar , atmospheric gases, and blood gases, could be provided by applications developers.

As card advances and spectral analysis improves, card can be configured to perform real-time forensic scanning of a given object, substance or surface, such as to identify all substances in a given target as done in a blood serum analysis.

These functions allow for many possible applications for card and for developers who write applications for card to create an enhanced man-machine interface independent of a physical touch on card The first and second light detection units , of card can form an image of objects facing respective major surfaces of card , and thus card can operate as a camera.

However, one embodiment of card does not include a lens or lens set as would a typical camera assembly, the optical axis of which is typically laid out perpendicular to the imaging surface. Even if some other orientation is chosen, minimization of the image or object angle with respect to the optical axis of light transmitting passages described hereinbelow is dependent on minimum lens thickness and maximum refractive index of the materials used in the lens, if such lenses are present, which quantifies their ability to bend light and may require great expense or may simply become impossible beyond a certain limit.

As is known to opticians, glass typically provides an index of about 1. As the refractive index is a ratio which relates the sine of incident light angle prior to lens to incident angle after the lens, and which sines may be substituted by their respective actual angles if close to the optical axis, according to the well-known small-angle approximation the length of the optical axis will always be some multiple of the lens thickness.

As will be described in more detail below, since card has no analog optics such as a traditional lens and since further, it may be required to display detailed and at times secure images on the major sides, surfaces, or faces of card , the total amount of display and capture area can be a significant factor for proper functioning according to some embodiments. To provide a wider viewing angle it is possible to emulate an analog lens by varying the substrate supporting the light receiving pixels in order to position the pin hole apertures on the surface of a repeating convex or concave substrate pattern for example, as one would view a golf ball surface or the complex lens of an eye of an insect, such as a dragon fly.

When the multiple sensing elements or sensing element species e. Card provides this significant improvement by collating a plurality of sensor inputs or multiple sensor inputs in a pixel stack. A pixel stack is a plurality of pixel elements overlapping in a direction perpendicular to a substrate z direction , wherein the plurality of pixel elements includes at least one pixel element having an output or transmission function, and at least one pixel element having an input or receiving function; i.

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New Advances in Energy Harvesting Power Conversion

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US20140183269A1 - Communication device - Google Patents

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Related Applications This application claims priority from U. This application is related to U. Provisional Patent Applications Nos.

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Wearable health monitoring systems have gained considerable interest in recent years owing to their tremendous promise for personal portable health watching and remote medical practices. The sensors with excellent flexibility and stretchability are crucial components that can provide health monitoring systems with the capability of continuously tracking physiological signals of human body without conspicuous uncomfortableness and invasiveness. The signals acquired by these sensors, such as body motion, heart rate, breath, skin temperature and metabolism parameter, are closely associated with personal health conditions. This review attempts to summarize the recent progress in flexible and stretchable sensors, concerning the detected health indicators, sensing mechanisms, functional materials, fabrication strategies, basic and desired features. The potential challenges and future perspectives of wearable health monitoring system are also briefly discussed. Human beings have been fighting against the health issues for millions of years.

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mems-and-sensors-2017/Abstracts and Biographies

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A communication device is provided and includes a first major surface including a display and a mixed array. The mixed array includes at least two different types of array units and occupies an area coinciding with, in plan view as viewed perpendicular to the major surface, at least substantially the entire major surface. The mixed array includes at least one emitting or transmission element and at least one input or receiving element positioned in a pixel stack. Provisional Application Ser.

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