Whether bamboo sheets, bamboo socks or any bamboo fabrics are environmentally friendly is a dilemma for those taking a sustainable path through life. Bamboo is the green-wonder resource that grows rapidly without chemicals, fuelling its huge popularity for all forms of consumer goods. But, there appears to have been little challenging of these eco credentials. And where is all the land coming from that this bamboo is being grown upon? Fabrics marketed as bamboo, are in fact rayon , a synthetic textile made from regenerated plant cellulose. This is the process of making the fabric:.
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How Linen is MadeVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Introduction to Rough Linen Fabrics
Natural and organic fibers become more and more popular these years. Most of the people come to realize that nature, soft and healthy are the most important things of the textile.
Hemp fiber is naturally one of the most environmentally friendly fibers and also the oldest. The Columbia history of the world states that the oldest relics of human industry are bits of Hemp fabric discovered in tombs dating back to approximately B.
Hemp is called a fiber of hundred uses. The significance of Hemp to the economic and day to day lives of our ancestors is increasingly being recognized.
It was important for textile, paper, rope and oil production. Indeed, Hemp was so important in England in the sixteenth century that King Henry VIII passed an act on parliament which fined farmers who failed to grow the crop.
Besides fabrics, Hemp is also used in the production of paper. The oldest piece of paper — over yrs old — was discovered in China and is made from Hemp. Hemp paper can also be recycled more times than wood-based paper. Hemp is a bast fiber plant similar to Flax, Kenaf, Jute, and Ramie.
Long slender primary fibers on the outer portion of the stalk characterize bast fiber plants. It was probably used first in Asia. Hemp is also one of the bast fibers known to ancient Asians, long before the birth of Christ. The primary hemp fiber is attached to the core fiber by Pectin — a glue-like soluble gelatinous carbohydrate. The primary hemp fibers can be used for composites, reinforcements, and specialty pulp and paper.
The wood-like core Hemp fiber can be used for animal bedding, garden mulch, fuel and an assortment of building materials. Hemp Cannabis sativa could be an important crop enabling the production of environmentally — friendly, locally produced, high-quality textiles. Hemp is an annual plant that grows from seed.
It can be grown on a range of soils but tends to grow best on land that produces high yields of corn. The soil must be well drained, rich in nitrogen, and non-acidic. Hemp requires limited pesticides because it grows so quickly and attracts few pests.
Hemp is a traditional fiber crop which for centuries was important in meeting our needs for textiles, paper, and oils. It is easy to grow organically. That is, without a need for artificial pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers, so it can make an important contribution to a sustainable future.
The production of cotton, on the other hand, needs a lot of pesticides. Hemp is environmentally friendly in many ways. It can displace the use of cotton, which requires a massive amount of chemicals harmful to people and the environment. Hemp has a deep root system that helps to prevent soil erosion, removes toxins, provides a disease break, and aerates the soil to the benefit of future crops. When spun, it is rather like flax but thicker and coarser.
It is a very strong fiber and is used in the manufacture of carpets, rugs, ropes etc. Hemp is a renewable resource which grows more quickly and easily than trees making hemp more cost effective than waiting decades for trees to grow to be used in man-made fiber products such as Lyocell and Rayon from wood pulps.
In India, Deccan Hemp is grown both as crop and hedge plant. It is cultivated largely in Maharastra, Tamil Nadu, and north Gujarat. It can be grown in all temperature and tropical countries of the world. Currently, the bulk of our demand for textiles is met by cotton and synthetics, both of which have serious environmental problems associated with them. Decortication — In this process the de-leafed Hemp stems are then dried, i.
Softening — By using a so-called Hemp softener or roller, the decorticated fibers are made softer and suppler. Combing — The shortening of the initial fiber lengths from up to 3 m down to mm is done on a special cutting machine. Then the short and tangled fibers are combed out, the long fibers are parallelized and smoothed using a hackling machine. Spinning — After several drawing and doubling passages, the manufactured slivers are pre-spun roving yarns and according to quality and the desired yarn fineness, spun into Hemp yarn by wet or dry spinning processes.
Although as Hemp is coarser than Flax, the pins on the board for drafting the combed fiber into a sliver needed to be set differently. The rove produced was then boiled in caustic soda to refine it and most of the yarn was bleached with hydrogen peroxide.
As it is similar to Flax fibers, generally the best yarns are obtained by wet spinning. In which fibers are allowed to pass through a trough of hot water before being spun. This softens the Pectin allowing a greater drawing out and separation of the fibers and producing a finer yarn greater than 12 Nm. Dry spinning is cheaper, producing yarns and fabrics with a different appearance and handle.
Hemp fiber is dark tan or brown and is difficult to bleach, but it can be dyed bright and dark colors. Hemp fiber is a lustrous fiber, has characteristic nodes and joints of linen, but the central canal is wider. The cells are blunt-ended when the fiber is viewed under a microscope.
The Hemp fibers vary widely in length, depending upon their ultimate use. The thermal reactions of Hemp and the effect of sunlight are the same as for Cotton. Hemp is moth resistant, but it is not impervious to mildew. Furthermore, Hemp has the best ratio of the heat capacity of all fibers giving it superior insulation properties.
As a fabric, Hemp provides all the warmth and softness of other natural textiles but with a superior durability seldom found in other materials. Hemp fiber is longer, stronger, more absorbent, more mildew resistant and more insulative than Cotton fiber. There are thirty varieties of Hemp fiber.
It is a tall plant with a natural woody fiber. All these varieties resemble one another in general appearance and properties, but only those having fibers of high tensile strength, fineness, and high luster have commercial value. It resembles flax closely, and its fiber is easily mistaken for linen. Hemp is harsh and stiff and cannot be bleached without harm to the fiber. As Hemp is not pliable and elastic, it cannot be woven into fine fabrics.
Hemp is durable and is used in rug and carpet manufacturing. It is especially suitable for ship cordage as it is not weakened or rotted by water, this means that Hemp will keep you warmer in winter and cooler in summer than Cotton. Like Cotton, Hemp can be made into a variety of fabrics, including high-quality Linen. When blended with materials such as Cotton, Linen, and Silk. Hemp provides a sturdier, longer lasting product while maintaining quality and softness.
Hemp Textiles Intl. Hemp blended with other fibers easily incorporate the desirable qualities of both textiles. When combined with the natural strength of Hemp, the soft elasticity of Cotton or the smooth texture of Silk creates a whole new genre of fashion design. Coarse Hemp fibers and yarns are woven into cordage, rope, sacking and heavy —duty tarpaulins.
In Italy, fine Hemp fibers are used for interior design and apparel fabrics. Hemp is used in tapestry, hats, shawls, rugs, posters, and towel.
Dyed hemp yarn from Hungary is suitable for rug weaving, placemats, crochet and other craft items. It has been found that 3 plies, 6 plies, and 12 plies are used for weaving, knitting or crochet. Hemp is stronger than linen and jute fiber, hence it is ideal for making twine, ropes, cables, carpets, canvas, ship cordage, sailcloth, etc. Central American Hemp is chiefly used for cordage. Trials can be taken in cotton and synthetic spinning by adding Hemp fiber in many value-added items and make various types of fancy yarn which can be sold in the market at a premium rate.
Acknowledgment — The author is thankful to Mr. January 14, Facebook Twitter Youtube. Generic filters. Primary Menu. Home Innovations Extraction, processing, properties and use of hemp fiber.
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Bamboozled… Are Bamboo Sheets & Socks Eco Friendly?
In order to determine a fabric's appearance, how it would wear and its care, it is important to understand the characteristics of the fibers from which the fabric is made. Typically when we talk about Angora , we refer to Angora Rabbit Hair, while the fibers from the Angora Goat are more commonly known as Mohair. There are 4 different angora rabbit breeds, namely, English, French, Satin and Giant. Angora wool harvested from these rabbits are lightweight, silky, fine, and very soft. It is 7 times warmer than wool, and is ideal for baby clothes, winter underwear, sweaters and mittens. As only a small amount of wool can be harvested from these adorable creatures, angora is often combined with other fibers to minimize the high cost of this luxurious fiber. The down hairs of the Llama will produce a soft yarn also suitable for the manufacture of apparel.
How To Compost Fabrics
Stiff coarse open and even weave fabric with basket weave construction used for needlework particularly cross stitch. A plain weave cotton or linen fabric used to make mens shirts suits etc. A needlepoint lace with fine net background with cord outlining design. Plain or twill fabric, woven from a cotton warp and an Angola yarn weft. Principally used as shirting cloths for the home trade. A heavy weight fabric with nap used to make overcoats. Thermal underwear fabric.
Linen yarn is spun from the long fibers found just behind the bark in the multi-layer stem of the flax plant Linum usitatissimum. In order to retrieve the fibers from the plant, the woody stem and the inner pith called pectin , which holds the fibers together in a clump, must be rotted away. The cellulose fiber from the stem is spinnable and is used in the production of linen thread, cordage, and twine. From linen thread or yarn, fine toweling and dress fabrics may be woven. Linen fabric is a popular choice for warm-weather clothing. It feels cool in the summer but appears crisp and fresh even in hot weather. Household linens truly made of linen become more supple and soft to the touch with use; thus, linen was once the bedsheet of choice. While the flax plant is not difficult to grow, it flourishes best in cool, humid climates and within moist, well-plowed soil. The process for separating the flax fibers from the plant's woody stock is laborious and painstaking and must be done in an area where labor is plentiful and relatively inexpensive. It is remarkable that while there is some mechanization to parts of the fiber preparation, some fiber preparation is still done by hand as it has been for centuries.
Subscribe to the "The Sapling" on the Davey Blog for the latest tips to keep your outdoor space in tip-top shape throughout the year. I s landscape fabric all we need to get rid of those pesky weeds for good? Digging into the fabric every year to replenish vegetable seeds will eventually make it ineffective. Topics landscape fabric landscaping lawn weeds.
The fashion industry is in the top three industries contributing to global warming, joined by the oil and commercial meat production. And while you can vow never to drive a car, or eat meat again it is far more difficult to vow never to wear clothes again. A staggering 80 billion pieces of clothing are being bought globally per year. Recycling textiles is different area to area. When searching for recycling options in Sydney at the 1 Million Women office, the majority of options were charity stores. Within the results, there was one company that specialised in recycling fabrics, and even they requested the clothing be in relatively good condition. So what are your options to divest your textile waste from landfill? Well, the number one rule is shop less, buy well and make it last.
Environmentally Optimized Commercial Laundry
Ramie fibre comes under bast fibre category, which can be classified as underutilised fibres. The high potential of ramie fibre is not fully exploited due to various techno-economic reasons. It is one of the strongest natural fibres having rich cellulose content. Apart from textile uses, ramie fibre can be utilised for the production of various diversified products. Still in present scenario, there is much scope for research and development on this valuable fibre.
The 9 Best Dryer Sheets of 2020
Trademark information has been thoroughly updated to reflect the U. Fully illustrated with over photographs and line drawings, entries include pronunciation, derivation, definition, and uses. An extensive appendix provides a list of national and internationalindustry associations and organizations. From Abaca to Zyex, The Fairchild Books Dictionary of Textiles contains essential reference information for professionals and scholars involved in the textile industry. With more than 30 years of experience in the textile industry, Johnson has lectured both in the United States and internationally and is frequently sought by the media to offer commentary on textiles and industry trends, including Money Line with Lou Dobbs, the Wall Street Journal , Wired , and Glamour magazines, NPR, Martha Stewart Radio and others. Get print book. The Fairchild Books Dictionary of Textiles. Phyllis G. Tortora , Ingrid Johnson.
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Natural Science Vol. Color is the main attraction of any fabric. No matter how excellent its constitution, if unsuitably colored it is bound to be a failure as a commercial fabric. Manufacture and use of synthetic dyes for fabric dyeing has therefore become a massive industry today.
Pros and Cons of Landscape Fabric
For print job completion prior to Christmas please have orders submitted by Monday 2nd of December. We will still receive orders through December but cannot guarantee completion prior to Christmas as it is a very busy time of year. Next State will be closed for the festive season from 20th December , re-opening on January 6th During our closure time orders can still be placed via our fabric creator, printing will recommence on the 6th of January.
Fabric for Print
Cheryl Mendelson is a Harvard Law School graduate, a sometime philosophy professor, a novelist Morningside Heights and Love, Work, Children , and a homemaker by choice. Cheryl Mendelson. For Cheryl Mendelson, laundering is the best part of housekeeping.
Eliminate static and impart a fresh scent to your laundry with a Bounce Fabric Softener and Dryer Sheet. A hands down favorite in the laundry department, people love these Bounce Dryer Sheets for their pleasant aroma and unbeatable fabric softening and static elimination.