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No 19 (2017): Paper in architectureVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Commercial cardboard compactor paper baling machine
Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy. Our flagship business publication has been defining and informing the senior-management agenda since From what you read in the press and hear on the street, you might be excused for believing the paper and forest-products industry is disappearing fast in the wake of digitization. The year saw worldwide demand for graphic paper decline for the first time ever, and the fall in demand for these products in North America and Europe over the past five years has been more pronounced than even the most pessimistic forecasts.
But the paper and forest-products industry as a whole is growing, albeit at a slower pace than before, as other products are filling the gap left by the shrinking graphic-paper 1 1. The graphic-paper segment includes newsprint, printing, and writing papers. Packaging is growing all over the world, along with tissue papers, and pulp for hygiene products.
Although a relatively small market as yet, pulp for textile applications is growing. And a broad search for new applications and uses for wood and its components is taking place in numerous labs and development centers. The paper and forest-products industry is not disappearing—far from it.
But it is changing, morphing, and developing. We would argue that the industry is going through the most substantial transformation it has seen in many decades. In this article, we outline the changes we see happening across the industry and identify the challenges CEOs and their leadership teams will need to manage over the next decade. The structure of the industry landscape is changing. The changes are not dramatic individually, but the accumulation of changes over the long term has now reached a point where they are making a difference.
Consolidation has been a major factor in many segments of the industry. The big have become bigger in their chosen areas of focus.
What they have done is focus their efforts on fewer segments. As a result, concentration levels in specific segments have generally, if not universally, increased Exhibit 2. In some segments such as North American containerboard and coated fine paper, ownership concentration as defined by traditional approaches to drawing segment boundaries may be reaching levels where it would be difficult for companies to find further acquisition opportunities that could be approved by competition authorities.
A grouping of companies has emerged that is not identical to, but partly overlaps with, the group of largest companies, and is drawn from various geographies and market segments. Companies in this group have positioned themselves for further growth through high margins and low debt Exhibit 3.
Our analysis suggests the financial resources available to some members of this group for strategic capital expenditure could be five to ten times greater than other top players in the industry. This potentially represents a powerful force for change in the industry, and over the next few years it will be interesting to see how these companies choose to spend their resources.
Some of these companies with large war chests and sizable annual cash flows deployable for strategic capex might even face a challenge to find opportunities on a scale that matches these resources. Where there are leaders, there are also laggards. Whether companies are well positioned for further growth or still needing to earn the right to grow, they can expect demand to grow for paper and board products over the next decade.
The graphic-paper market will continue to face declining demand worldwide, and our research has yet to find credible arguments for a specific floor for future demand.
But this decline should be balanced by the increase in demand for packaging—industrial as well as consumer—and tissue products. All in all, demand for fiber-based products is set to increase globally, with some segments growing faster than others Exhibit 4. That picture is not without its uncertainties. One hazy spot in the demand skies might be concerns over how fast demand will grow in China.
Expectations of growth from only a few years ago have proved a bit too optimistic, not only in graphic papers but also in tissue papers and packaging. And recently, as a result of turmoil in the market for recycled fiber, Chinese users of corrugated packaging have reduced their consumption, through weight reductions and use of reusable plastic boxes.
Supply movements are notoriously difficult to forecast more than a few years out, but we believe the following observations are relevant to this discussion. But even with a readjustment of the market, the midterm prospects are likely to be in favor of the producers, with little new capacity until —22 and some softwood capacity that is likely to be converted to other products, such as pulp for textile applications.
For softwood particularly, challenges in expanding the forest supply are constraining new supply. The lingering question is whether such supply-side challenges can trigger an accelerated development of applications that are less dependent on wood-fiber pulp.
In such an environment, what are the key challenges senior executives will need to address? What are the key battles they will have to fight?
Yet given the confluence of technological changes, demographic changes, and resource concerns that we anticipate over the next decade, we believe the industry will have to embrace change that is, in character, as well as pace, vastly different from what we have seen before—and anything but traditional.
This will pose significant challenges for CEOs regarding how they manage their companies. We argue that there are three broad themes that paper and forest-products CEOs will have to address through and beyond:. The past couple of years have seen increased instability in forest-products segments. The negative impact of digital communications on graphic paper has led many companies to steer away from the segment and into higher-growth areas, either through conversion of machines or through redirection of investment funds.
This is leading to a higher level of uncertainty and overcapacity in, for example, packaging grades. The instability has also been exacerbated by the capacity additions that primarily Asian producers have made despite the slowing demand growth in that region. A case in point is virgin-fiber cartonboard. Several producers in Europe have converted machines away from graphic paper and into this segment, creating further oversupply in Europe and leading producers to redouble their efforts to sell to export markets.
This is happening just as increasing capacity in Asia, and particularly in China, looks set to displace imports that have traditionally come into the region, mainly from Europe and North America. Some of the new Asian capacity could even find its way into export markets.
This development is likely to persist for several years until markets again find more of an equilibrium, and it poses challenging questions for companies. What, if any, safe havens exist for my products? How do I protect home-market volumes? How do I protect my export volumes? What is the appropriate pricing strategy to use in the different regions?
For CEOs looking to move into a new market segment, it will be equally important to make the right assessment of which segments to enter as they shift their footing. Where will I be the most competitive? How will my entry change market dynamics, and will this matter to me?
If that might seem to trend toward stabilization, the situation in recycled fibers is still very uncertain. As China, and gradually other Asian countries, have increasingly restricted the import of recovered fiber as well as plastics and other recovered materials , the dynamics have shifted. While prices of old corrugated containers OCC and other papers for recycling have plummeted in North America and Europe, prices of domestic Chinese OCC have increased drastically, challenging both the price and availability of recycled-based corrugated board.
In response, companies have set up capacity to produce recycled-fiber pulp to export to China, while the country is jacking up its import of containerboard for corrugated packaging, as well as virgin fiber for strengthening purposes. This of course affects how companies, in any country, think about their fiber-supply strategies as well as their product focus.
Even though we see new ways of creating value in the forest-products industry, low cost is, and will remain, a critical factor for high financial performance.
One of the characteristics shared by companies with high margins and high returns is that they have access to low-cost raw materials, primarily fiber. This will continue to be a high-priority area, albeit with some twists compared with today. Beyond the price increases of the past couple of years, fresh fiber is facing other, more long-term, cost issues. It is unclear whether plantation land in the southern hemisphere primarily for short-fiber wood will continue to be available at current low prices.
And as companies go to more remote areas to acquire inexpensive land, such as in Brazil, their infrastructure and logistics costs increase. Will higher productivity and yield allow the global industry to add ever more low-cost capacity, or are we going to see a gradual increase in raw-material costs?
For long-fiber products, the difficulties to expand long-fiber pulp capacity will make such assets very valuable over the next several years. But at what point will development of the material properties of short-fiber pulps make them rival more expensive long-fiber pulps in a number of major applications? Operating costs for paper and board production are another area where companies need to get a tighter grip. Despite the fact that this area receives continual focus from management, our experience suggests there is still significant potential for cost reduction by using conventional approaches to work smarter and reduce waste in the production chain.
This is particularly the case in areas that are less the focus of management attention, such as converting. Many companies need to go beyond the conventional approaches to a next level of cost optimization—and many are ready to take this step.
Most if not all paper and forest-products companies have completed large fixed-cost reduction programs. But there are often broader systemic issues that companies still need to address to be able to build sustainable operating models.
In addition, in some segments many companies fail to reduce fixed costs as quickly as capacity disappears. By radically rethinking the operating model, companies can significantly shift their fixed-cost structure. By doing so, they can set a very different starting point in terms of flexibility and agility for when market volumes go through their normal cyclical swings.
The paper and forest-products industry has much to gain from embracing digital manufacturing : according to our estimates, this could reduce the total cost base of a producer by as much as 15 percent.
New applications such as forestry monitoring using drones or remote mill automation present tremendous opportunities for increased efficiency and cost reductions. This is also the case in areas where big data can be applied, for instance, to solve variability and throughput-related issues in each step of the integrated production flows Exhibit 5.
The industry is well placed to join the digital revolution, as paper and pulp producers typically start from a strong position when it comes to collected or collectable data.
At the customer-facing end, the opportunity for innovation is huge and has the potential to transform existing industries and create new ones, especially in packaging segments. Digital developments will also help disrupt previous B2B2C value chains, paving the way for direct B2C relationships between paper-product makers and end consumers, for example, in tissue products. The digital world is unfamiliar territory to most paper industry CEOs.
To avoid too much doodling with small uncoordinated efforts, it is necessary to undertake a thought-through program, preferably guided by digitally experienced people either on the top-management team or board. For any paper-company CEO who looks out ten years, the really different challenges will not be around cost containment. Global trends are moving the industry into a new landscape, where the challenges and opportunities for finding value-creating growth roles for forest products are changing radically.
We believe examples will include new producer and distributor collaborations; pulp players collaborating more innovatively with non-integrated players; paper and packaging companies collaborating more intensively with retailers, consumer-goods companies, and technological experts; and new products such as bio-refinery products requiring novel go-to-market partnerships. Here are some interesting examples of how these and other trends could play out.
Staying relevant and increasing relevancy in a fast-changing packaging world. The packaging market is multifaceted and continuously morphing.
Digital developments influence it both by stimulating demand for packaging used in e-commerce and by enabling the integration into packaging of sensors and other technology. At the same time, the packaging industry has to deal with increasing pressures around cost, resource conservancy, and sustainability.
That last topic has gained huge momentum in the past couple of years as concerns over plastic waste have added to the concern over CO 2 emissions from fossil-based packaging materials.
Saudi Paper Recycling Company Based in Manchester, SD Waste is a family run company providing paper, cardboard and plastic waste recycling to businesses across the North West for the last 30 years. Our goal is to save trees, oil and your money. We find the most profitable solution. The paper recycling process, while using fewer chemicals and polluting less than virgin paper, still impacts the environment. Founded in as a domestic trader of recycled paper products, Canusa has expanded organically and through affiliates into an international trading company and processor of recyclables and post-industrial plastics. Help us to save Earth by recycling your waste paper with us.
Wastes in Building Materials Industry
The recycling of paper is the process by which waste paper is turned into new paper products. It has a number of important benefits: It saves waste paper from occupying homes of people and producing methane as it breaks down. Because paper fibre contains carbon originally absorbed by the tree from which it was produced , recycling keeps the carbon locked up for longer and out of the atmosphere. Around two thirds of all paper products in the US are now recovered and recycled, although it does not all become new paper. After repeated processing the fibres become too short for the production of new paper - this is why virgin fibre from sustainably farmed trees will be added to the pulp recipe.
Paper is a fascinating material that we encounter every day in different variants: tissues, paper towels, packaging material, wall paper or even fillers of doors. Despite radical changes in production technology, the material, which has been known to mankind for almost two thousand years, still has a natural composition, being made up of fibres of plant origin particularly wood fibres. Thanks to its unique properties, relatively high compression strength and bending stiffness, low production costs and ease of recycling, paper is becoming more and more popular in many types of industry. Mass-produced paper products such as special paper, paperboard, corrugated cardboard, honeycomb panels, tubes and L- and U-shapes are suitable for use as a building material in the broad sense of these words — i.
I n troduction. Every industry, from the manufacturing of durable, household, and leisure goods for consumers to all forms of energy production oil, natural gas, electricity… , creates varying types of re-usable and recyclable materials. Much like household solid waste, such as cardboard, printer paper, newspapers, cans, and plastic containers, industrial waste is also a valuable commodity that can easily and effectively be reused and recycled. Reasons for recycling these industrial waste materials include:. These industrial waste materials can be safely and successfully used in the manufacture and repair of buildings, roads, bridges, consumer goods and products, and a myriad of other construction-related projects. Currently, hundreds of millions of tons of non-hazardous industrial waste materials are not be re-used and recycled — at a substantial cost to both the company generating the waste and the companies engaged in the production of new goods who must purchase more expensive raw materials as recycled materials are not available. Non-hazardous industrial waste materials include items such as gypsum, coal ash, slag, foundry sand, and various construction and demolition materials. Each of these unique by-products can be recycled or re-used in many different ways.
NCL11-2019 and NCL11-2020 data for “Hierarchical” and “Full” view modes not yet available.
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For details check the At Your Service blog or follow us on Twitter. You can report a missed collection on our website. Please set out your carts on your usual day and leave them out the following day. If your carts have not been collected by the end of the following day, bring them in. You can set out double amounts on your next pickup day at no extra charge. A wide variety of materials from businesses can be recycled and reprocessed—such as scrap metals, building materials, office furniture, business electronics and phones—in addition to conventional recyclables like cardboard, glass, paper, plastic, and compostables. The Green Business Program , a free resource provided by Seattle Public Utilities, provides free recycling and conservation assistance to all Seattle businesses. Call Seattle businesses can also request recycling service from any private recycling company. Many recycling companies will collect recyclable materials in a comingled all-in-one collection container.
Cardboard: The Latest Architecture and News
The mill began as a ton per day bleached pulp mill employing people. We strive to provide innovative products for both the classroom and home. Kraft Papers bags are multi-purpose and are available in various sizes to cater for every need. Litin Paper Company is a proud distributor of some of the finest manufacturers and vendors in the world. This kraft paper bag is fully compostable and degrades in just 10 weeks. Let us help you save money on shipping costs by directing you to one of our local distributors who stock and sell full cartons and pallets of French Paper in cities across America and Canada. Siam Kraft Industry Co. National Bag Company NBC is an Egyptian Joint Venture organization, considered as one of the leading companies in producing kraft paper sacks of building materials; NBC was established since and located in 6th of October city, Egypt. Kraft Paper We are involved in providing an extensive range of packaging products like Kraft Papers.
Great packaging that conserves resources
Materials testing tests the load capacity and accuracy of materials in different environmental conditions. Materials testing is not only performed at research institutes, it also helps companies obtain valuable knowledge for the development of new products, and the improvement of existing products. The fundamental principle of materials testing is mechanical loading of a material or specimen up to break or up to a certain deformation. The resulting material properties are expressed through material characteristics. In destructive materials testing, specimens are extracted from a material and tested for mechanical or chemical loads. The specimen is destroyed or altered on the surface.
Connect the dots between the Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings and other industry standards, guidelines and rating systems. Updated for LEED v4. Plug loads refer to energy used by equipment that is plugged into an outlet.
In an era of growing e-commerce, packaging paper is becoming increasingly important. As a full-line supplier for packaging paper machines we provide efficient yet resource-conserving solutions, such as production based on percent recovered paper.
This industrial packaging is used to protect and safely transport your products around the world. Our colleagues are here to help you develop new packaging solutions or to partner with you to solve difficult supply chain challenges. Our technical expertise and years of knowledge about your market enable us to help guide you through the product selection process. With a location near you, our goal is to make industrial packaging simple and easy.